Key Components of an Indoor Tracking System

In today’s fast-paced world, businesses need efficient and reliable tracking solutions to manage their assets, optimize their operations, and improve their productivity. This is where indoor tracking systems come in. 

Indoor tracking systems are becoming increasingly popular across a range of industries, from healthcare to retail to manufacturing. By keeping track of people, equipment, and assets within a facility – these systems can provide valuable data and insights that can help organizations optimize operations, improve efficiency, and enhance the overall customer experience. 

What is Indoor Tracking?

An indoor tracking system is a technology that monitors the location and movement of people, goods, and equipment within a confined space. It uses a combination of interacting technologies to provide real-time data on target movement, particularly in situations where GPS signals may not be available or reliable.

Indoor tracking can be useful in a variety of settings, such as retail stores, hospitals, museums, and warehouses. It can help administrators keep track of the location of employees, customers, or items within the facility. Beyond that, indoor tracking can be used to collect data on traffic patterns within the facility, helping administrators make decisions and optimize operations.

How Does Indoor Tracking Work?

Indoor tracking is usually enabled through a combination of technologies such as Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) beacons, Wi-Fi access points, inertial sensors, and machine learning algorithms. These systems can be customized to meet the specific needs of different applications, and can be used to track a wide range of devices, from smartphones and tablets to RFID tags and other IoT devices.

The Key Components of Indoor Tracking Technology

Indoor tracking systems make use of a number of different pieces of technology and software to deliver accurate location data within indoor spaces. These include:


Beacons are small wireless devices that emit Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) signals at regular intervals. They are usually installed on walls or ceilings throughout indoor environments to help triangulate the location of a mobile device.

Wi-Fi Access Points

Wi-Fi access points are used to track a device’s location by detecting the strength of its signal. The signals from multiple access points can be combined to pinpoint the exact location of a device within an indoor space.

Inertial Sensors

Inertial sensors like accelerometers and gyroscopes can be used to understand how a mobile device is moving within an indoor environment. These sensors are capable of detecting changes in direction and speed, allowing for precise tracking of a device’s movements.

Machine Learning Algorithms

Machine learning algorithms are used to process the data collected from beacons, Wi-Fi access points, and inertial sensors. These algorithms can take into account factors such as signal strength, device orientation, and movement patterns to improve the accuracy of location estimates.

What is Positioning Technology?

Positioning technology in indoor tracking refers to the use of different techniques to determine the location of objects or people within indoor spaces. These techniques rely on a variety of sensors and technologies to track the movements of objects or people, and provide information about their position in real-time. 

Aside from the individual components that work together to enable indoor tracking, there are also different ways of approaching the challenge of positioning within an indoor environment. Here’s a look at some of the most common:

Wi-Fi-Based Positioning

This technique uses the signals from Wi-Fi access points to determine the location of objects or people within a building. By analyzing the signal strength of different access points, it is possible to pinpoint a device’s location with an accuracy of up to one or two meters.

BLE-Based Positioning

BLE-based positioning systems make use of Bluetooth beacons to triangulate the location of a device. Beacons are programmed with a specific signal strength, and by measuring the signals from multiple beacons it is possible to calculate the position of a device.

RFID-Based Positioning

Radio-frequency identification (RFID) tags can be used to track objects or people within a specific area. RFID tags are programmed with unique identifiers, and can be read by a reader installed in the area being tracked. The accuracy of this system depends on the range of the reader, but can be as precise as one meter.

Ultrasound-Based Positioning

This technique involves the use of ultrasound waves to determine the location of objects or people within a building. Ultrasound signals are sent from multiple transmitters and then reflected back to receivers, allowing for the calculation of distances and location.

Magnetic Field-Based Positioning

Magnetic field-based positioning utilizes the Earth’s magnetic field to help determine the location of a device. It relies on sensors that measure a device’s orientation and movement relative to the magnetic field, allowing for accurate location tracking indoors.

Visual-Based Positioning

This technique uses cameras to detect the location of objects or people within a building. It relies on image recognition algorithms to identify and track individuals or objects as they move around.

Overall, positioning technology in indoor tracking enables a wide range of applications, including asset tracking, navigation, and real-time location-based services.

What Can a Real-Time Location System (RTLS) Do?

Indoor tracking systems are capable of delivering far more value than a target’s geographic location – they’re built with a number of add-on features that make them even more useful for business logistics. Here are just a few examples of the capabilities that a good indoor RTLS system can offer:

Indoor Geo-Fencing

Geo-fencing refers to a system of virtual barriers that can be programmed into a tracking system. When someone or something crosses one of the pre-set boundaries, the system will be alerted and can take a certain action such as sending an alert, recording an entry/exit point, or triggering another response.

This can be extremely valuable for large facilities and warehouses that have a lot of ground and assets to manage but limited staff.

Employee Location Tracking

In addition to tracking assets, RTLS systems are also capable of tracking the locations of employees in real-time. This type of system can be invaluable for businesses that need to track employee compliance and productivity, or even just to maintain safety in hazardous work environments.

Two-Way Ranging

Two-way ranging is a technique used in indoor tracking to determine the distance between two objects. This technique works by sending a signal from one object, such as a Bluetooth beacon or RFID tag, to another object and measuring how long it takes for the signal to return. The time it takes for the signal to travel gives an estimate of the distance between the two objects.

Two-way ranging is a valuable tool for indoor tracking because it allows for accurate positioning of objects in real-time. This technique can be used in a variety of applications, such as asset tracking and inventory management in warehouses, indoor navigation systems for retail stores, and even tracking the movements of people in hospitals.

The accuracy of two-way ranging can be further improved by using multiple beacons or tags and calculating the position based on the intersection of the signal distances.

Activity History Tracking

Real-time location systems record the movements of their targets and store the data for analysis. This is helpful in many ways – it can be used to identify inefficiencies, detect anomalies, and even calculate the most efficient routes for employees.

This kind of data can also be invaluable when it comes to uncovering problems in the supply chain, as it can help to identify where bottlenecks and other issues are occurring.


An indoor tracking system is a crucial investment for businesses, organizations, and other entities that rely on accurate and reliable data to enhance operations. The system’s capabilities go beyond just tracking the location of people or assets, but also include features that provide valuable insights and analytics. 

In a world where everything moves at breakneck speed, indoor tracking systems ensure operational viability and sustainability. These technologies open up a new door of possibilities, from ensuring employee safety and productivity to optimizing the supply chain.

All these components work cohesively to provide businesses with accurate, real-time data that supports decision-making and improves operations. Contact your Zenduit consultant today to see how indoor tracking can work for you.


How Indoor Tracking Improves Productivity, Compliance and Safety

In today’s fast-paced business landscape, optimizing productivity, compliance, and safety has become essential for companies to stay ahead of the competition. One technology that has been gaining popularity in recent years for achieving these goals is indoor tracking

According to a report by MarketsandMarkets, the indoor location market is expected to grow from $6.1 billion in 2020 to $17.0 billion by 2025, at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 22.5% during the forecast period. 

In this article, we will explore how indoor asset tracking can improve productivity, compliance, and safety in various industries and applications, and how businesses can leverage this technology to achieve their goals. 


Productivity is a major concern in any business, but is especially pertinent in large-scale, fast-moving sectors. Staying afloat means staying competitive at all times – anything less, and you’ll surely be left behind.

Indoor tracking can be an excellent tool for streamlining company operations, improving productivity and sustaining business growth. Here are just a few of the ways it can make a difference:

Asset Finding

Having an indoor tracking system in place allows you to instantly locate any tagged asset or item within your premises. This can save precious time, as well as reduce anxiety and stress.

Asset Utilization

Indoor tracking can help you maximize the use of assets, both human and material. It allows you to monitor employee performance in real-time, pinpointing areas of wastage and inefficiency.

Process Optimization

When a company implements an indoor tracking system, it obtains valuable insights into how processes are functioning within the organization. This allows for swift course correction, enabling the company to fine-tune its processes and optimize performance.


Indoor tracking solutions generate data that can be used to evaluate the performance of teams, employees and processes. This information is invaluable in helping businesses make data-driven decisions, as well as devise long-term strategies for improvement.


Most, if not all, companies want to follow the law. Rules and regulations exist to keep people and property safe, and breaking them can come with damaging consequences. But despite best efforts, it’s not always easy to ensure that an entire logistics operation is staying compliant at all times. Here are some ways that indoor tracking technology an help:

Condition-Based Monitoring

Condition-based monitoring is a form of predictive maintenance intended to continuously monitor the condition of assets for potential problems. It enables companies to detect issues before they become serious and costly, as well as fulfill their responsibilities of providing a safe working environment for staff.

Regulatory Compliance

Regulatory standards are constantly changing, and staying up to date can be a challenge. With an indoor tracking system in place, companies can make sure that all of their operations are compliant with the latest regulations.

Process Traceability

Having access to detailed records of all processes, transactions and activities can help a company meet the most stringent compliance requirements. Indoor tracking systems can provide this information in an organized and efficient manner, helping companies stay prepared for any potential audit.

Real-Time Alerts

Any time a process deviates  from its intended settings, an indoor tracking system can send out alerts to the relevant personnel. This allows problems to be addressed instantly and compliance maintained at all times.


Safety is paramount in any company, and it’s the responsibility of employers to ensure that their staff remain out of harm’s way at all times. Indoor tracking systems come into play here yet again, offering organizations a number of advanced features and resources designed to bolster operational integrity.


Deploying an asset management system means installing a litany of different cameras, sensors and beacons throughout a premises. While the main benefit of this is increased operational  efficiency, it also serves as an important security measure. Any suspicious activity can be quickly identified and appropriate actions taken.

Access Control

Access control is a core component of security. Indoor tracking systems allow businesses to track exactly who has access to which areas, providing greater oversight and control over their premises. This is extremely important for organizations that operate large facilities or sites with a limited physical security presence.

Space Optimization

By monitoring how space is being utilized, companies can ensure that their staff and premises are organized in the most efficient way possible. This can also be accomplished remotely, allowing managers to spot any potential safety hazards and address them immediately.

Wearable Technology

Wearable technology is becoming increasingly popular in the workplace, with a range of devices offering real-time tracking and communication capabilities. By equipping workers with smart watches or other devices, companies can ensure that their staff are always connected and able to share their location in case of an emergency.

Best-In-Class Solution Framework

Indoor tracking technology has the potential to reshape the logistics industry as we know it. But its benefits aren’t guaranteed. Effectively reaping the value from the opportunities it offers  requires thoughtfully designing and deploying the right indoor tracking solution.

If we consider the framework of an industry-leading suite of products that meets the day-to-day needs of complex organizations, we might list the following advantages:

Real-Time, Accurate Positioning

The right solution should offer uninterrupted accuracy and precision, with location data updated in real-time. This allows companies to keep track of their assets without having to rely on manual input.

Highly-Scalable and Maintenance-Free

The benefits of advanced asset tracking technology shouldn’t have to come at the expense of scalability or convenience. An indoor tracking solution should scale with organizations of any size, without the need for complicated installation, maintenance or technical management.

Seamless Outdoor-Indoor Transition

For an indoor tracking system to be most beneficial, it’s important to offer a seamless transition between indoor and outdoor positioning. This feature makes them ideal for organizations that deal with both environments on a daily basis.

Easy Integration with Existing Telematics Platforms

No one wants complicated (and expensive) installation every time there’s an upgrade or a new product to integrate. Indoor tracking solutions should be designed to integrate effortlessly with existing telematics platforms, so you can benefit from all the features of advanced tracking without having to invest in a completely new solution.

Fastest Time to Market

The benefit to the end user of an indoor asset tracking solution being first to market is that they will have access to cutting-edge technology that can help them to optimize their business operations and improve efficiency. For example, reducing the amount of time and resources spent searching for lost or misplaced assets, which can ultimately lead to cost savings and increased productivity. 

In addition, an indoor asset tracking solution can help businesses to identify bottlenecks and inefficiencies in their operations, allowing them to make data-driven decisions that can improve processes and workflows. By being the first to adopt this technology, end users can gain a competitive advantage over their competitors who have not yet implemented such a solution, enabling them to stay ahead in an increasingly competitive business landscape.

Minimal Infrastructure Requirements

We understand that not every company or facility has the  infrastructure to support a complex indoor tracking system. That’s why our solutions are designed with minimal hardware requirements – implement them quickly and cost-effectively in no time.


Indoor asset tracking has become an essential technology for businesses looking to improve compliance, safety, and productivity in their operations. 

By implementing an indoor asset tracking solution, businesses can ensure that their assets are being used in compliance with regulatory requirements and safety standards. 

In addition, the ability to track assets in real-time can help businesses to prevent safety incidents and mitigate risks. Furthermore, indoor asset tracking can improve productivity by streamlining operations, reducing downtime, and optimizing workflows. 

By leveraging the power of indoor asset tracking, businesses can gain a competitive advantage and position themselves for success in the long term. 

With the rapidly growing demand for this technology, now is the time for businesses to consider implementing an indoor asset tracking solution to drive compliance, safety, and productivity in their operations. Reach out to one of our consultants today to see which indoor GPS tracking solution will work for you.